پلانی ستراتیژی



پلانی ستراتیژی مه‌سه‌للـه‌ بۆپه‌ره‌پێدانی توانا مرۆییه‌كان، به‌زمانی ئینگلیزی دارێژراوه‌و، له‌داهاتوویه‌كی نزیكیشدا به‌هه‌ردوو زمانی (كوردی و عه‌ره‌بی) له‌پێگه‌ی فه‌رمیی رێكخراو بلاو ده‌كرێنه‌وه‌.

مه‌سه‌للـه‌ بۆ په‌ره‌پێدانی توانا مرۆییه‌كان، له‌ماوه‌ی رابردوو چه‌ندین پرۆژه‌و پلانی تۆكمه‌و، چالاكیی فراوانی ئه‌نجامداوه‌.

 

Strategic Plan 2017 – 2020

 

Introduction

AL-Mesalla for Human Resources Development is a non-governmental organization based in Erbil, founded in 20014, which has a national outreach across Iraq.

Along the past few years, the organization has been focusing on developing its interventions along 4 main programs:

  • The Non-Violence and Peace Building program
  • The Women and Gender program
  • The Human Rights program
  • The Humanitarian Aid program

Following the expiration of the validity of the previous strategic plan of the organization and the drastic changes noticed in the global context of Iraq, Al Mesalla has identified the need to launch an internal process to adopt a new strategic plan that would reflect the need to design new strategies to address the rapidly changing dynamics in Iraq.

Key staff members of Al Mesalla gathered in October 2016 over a 2-days period in order to reflect on the current political, economic and social context of Iraq and the Kurdistan Region and identify strategies that should be considered central when designing new interventions to be launched by the organization. The key to this process is its inclusive nature as it reflects a common understanding and a common vision of key staff members of the organization in designing directions of work of Al Mesalla for the coming 4 years.

This document is the outcome of this process and outlines the strategic plan of Al Mesalla for the period 2017 – 2020. It highlights the new programs of the organization and strategies that will be considered central to implement to ensure that democratic and human rights principles become key drivers to developing a peaceful and democratic society in Iraq.

History of the organization

Al-Mesalla for Human Resources Development was founded in the aftermath of the fall of the Regime of Saddam Hussein in 2004. A group of human rights activists representing diverse communities living in Baghdad set up the organization on the following principles: the non-governmental organization should be non-political and non-religious.

Al-Mesalla for Human Resources Development was officially registered in Baghdad in 2005. Its mission was set to develop a culture of Human Rights in Iraq, spread principles of non-violence and promote peace-building.

With the deteriorating security situation in Baghdad, the headquarters of the organization were moved to Erbil in 2006. It was then officially registered with the Kurdistan Regional Government and started developing its activities in the North of Iraq.

Following to an influx of populations coming from the neighbouring country of Syria in 2012Al-Mesalla developed its humanitarian activities across the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in order to provide a swift response to the basic needs of the refugees.

Since 2013Al-Mesalla has significantly scaled up its humanitarian program in order to provide much needed services to the massive waves of displaced populations fleeing from the violent attacks and crimes committed by the extremist organization ISIS across the governorates of Anbar, Ninewa, Salahedin and DiyalaAl-Mesalla has become a key actor of the gender-based violence response in Northern Iraq by running numerous women space centers providing psycho-social and educational support to vulnerable women and girls who have been affected by the violent conflict.

As military operations to retake areas controlled by the so-called Islamic State are successfully conductedAl-Mesalla is focused on developing its Mosul Response by opening new women space centers across the Ninewa Governorate but is also looking at promoting inclusive governance post-ISIS that will facilitate the return of displaced persons and enhance chances of stabilization in the recently liberated areas.

Current Context

Political Context

The political situation in Iraq is characterized by sectarian politics which result in the institutionalization of discrimination and marginalization of specific community groups.

The monopoly of power is concentrated in the hands of key parties and key individuals and leads to a great level of illegitimacy of institutions which are in charge of implementing specific agendas and are not reflecting democratic decisions.

As a result, trust towards politics is inexistent and negatively affect the implementation of a Rule of Law across the country, impacting on the security situation which continues to deteriorate.

The flagrant lack of participation of specific community groups including minorities, youth and women is strengthening the marginalization aspect within the community.

Iraq is in need to re-develop a social contract that will see institutions reflecting decisions taken in a democratic manner and that truly represent and offers opportunities of participation from all community groups.

Since 2014, the emergence of non-state actors including militias and terrorist groups have participated to the destabilization of the country and has led to a rapid militarization of the society which fuels instability and lack of security.

The Kurdistan Region of Iraq is witnessing a political crisis of its own with a presidency crisis as elections to appoint a new president have not been held in 2015 as planned. The main Kurdish party has taken control of governmental institutions by refusing to continue sharing power with opposition parties which has led to a paralysation of the Parliament.

The relationship between the Central Iraqi Government and the Kurdish Regional Government remains tensed due to issues linked to budget and distribution of military equipment. The President of the KRG maintains pressure by expressing his desire to see the independence of the Kurdistan Region in a near future.

A solution to address the situation of disputed territories in the governorates of Kirkuk, Ninewa and Diyala has yet to be addressed and disputes might become aggravated as the territories are part of areas currently being retaken from ISIS through military operations.

Economic Context

Iraq has been suffering from a large economic crisis for the last 2 years as the price of crude oil plummeted. As the economy is highly dependent on the oil industry, global revenues dropped and affected the country budget.

The lack of investment in other industries does not provide an alternative to enhance the economic situation.

Since 2014, as large military operations were launched to combat ISIS, costs to support the military has further aggravated the budget situation.

 Additionally, the large rate of existing corruption at all levels continues to negatively affect opportunities for development.

The economy of the State is as well heavily impacted by the large number of persons employed by the government. Little efforts are made to develop a private sector and offer alternative job opportunities.

Iraq is an urgent need to seek a reform of its economic system, however, the current focus on the fight against ISIS is preventing necessary efforts in this regard.

The Kurdistan Region has as well been affected by the decreasing oil revenues and increased expense in military operations but has more importantly gravely suffered from the conflict over budget with the Central Government. It favoured the emergence of a large liquidity crisis which saw the government unable to pay salaries of its employees for several months at a time which in turns has severely impacted the living conditions of families settled in the Kurdistan Region.

 

Social Context

Sectarian politics have led to the marginalization of community groups and the emergence of opposition and extremist groups and is having deep impacts at the social level.

Sectarianism is impacting the society as discrimination and racism is witnessed in all aspects of life. Peaceful co-existence has been deeply affected, especially following to the crimes committed by ISIS which have targeted minorities and other non-sunni groups. Gaps among the diverse communities have been growing as community groups seek protection within their own group and increasingly mistrust other groups. The collective identity as been shaken as prejudices towards the other and

numerous forms of discriminations have emerged. Minority groups are particularly affected by this context and have chosen to emigrate outside of Iraq to seek safety and better living conditions. The historical diversity of Iraq is on the verge of disappearing.

Large waves of displacement occurred across the country since 2013 and more than 3 million Iraqis are now living in displacement. Tensions have been witnessed between the displaced persons and host communities. The large presence of Syrian Refugees in Northern Iraq add to the burden as basic services are lacking and resources become scarce. In the Kurdistan Region, tensions between displaced Arabs and Kurds have significantly increased.

A rapid militarization of the society is raising concerns with the increasing presence of powerful militias which have been extremely successful in enrolling the young population. It only contributes to spreading a culture of violence within the society.

Extremism is on the rise and fed by the presence of extremist groups and militias. Young people are particularly at risk, especially as job opportunities are severely lacking.

The continuous deterioration of the security and economic situation sees the spread of negative social phenomena including: the early marriage of girls, sexual harassment and rape, human trafficking and increasing rates of divorce.

The operations to retake the governorate of Ninewa from the hands of ISIS are also raising several social issues that will need to be addressed: the need to facilitate the return of the displaced persons to their original place of living, identify how transitional justice can be ensured including the compensation to victims, the accountability of criminals and reintegration of fighters. It will be in particular important to tackle the fact that an entire generation of children and adolescent has been deeply impacted by the brainwash and education of ISIS that will require specific rehabilitation assistance.

Status and Situation of Women

The status and position of Iraqi women has been negatively affected by the religious and tribal customs as well as by the deteriorating security situation across Iraq. Following to 2013, women have further suffered from violence abuse at the hands of extremist groups, military operations and militias.

Women are living in a patriarchal society where their role in decision making and access to opportunities to participate to decision making and to the public sphere is severely. Women are often considered as a commodity and forced and early marriage is a recurrent practice. Representation and participation at the political level remains seldom to fulfil quotas recommended by the law and the lack of education of women severely reduce their chances to be considered as making valuable contributions to decision making processes.

Discrimination between men and women is institutionalized by laws that lack to provide adequate protection to women. The personal status law that rules issues linked to marriage and divorce is particularly problematic.

Violence against women is widely spread and is commonly justified and accepted by the women themselves according to traditional and religious beliefs. A lack of awareness and the lack of rule of law open ways for harassment and diverse other forms of violence which remain in most cases unpunished. Women surviving from violence have very little to no support as it remains taboo to address issues that should be dealt within the family sphere. Few institutions exist that provide support to women at risk of violence especially as shelters are not existing in Central Iraq.

Since 2013, displaced women have suffered from extreme violence and trauma at the hands of ISIS and are greatly in need of receiving psycho-social assistance. Life in displacement is a heavy burden for women who remain the caretaker of the family as husbands have lost their income sources. Women living in camps are particularly at risk of suffering from further violence due to a lack of security and are exposed to other forms of violence including early marriage and trafficking.       

Vision

Al-Mesalla is working towards developing a society which enjoy the principles of human rights, civil society, democracy, equality, good and inclusive governance, and embraces a non-violent culture.

Mission

Al-Mesalla is a non-governmental, non-religious and non-profit Iraqi organization. Its headquarters are located in Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan region. It aims to: disseminate and reinforce a culture of human rights; participate in strengthening principles of democracy, peace building, conflict resolution and non-violent culture; reinforce the spirit of voluntary work in the Iraqi community

Programs

Al-Mesalla will work along 3 main program areas which reflect its accumulated experience and expertise gained in the previous years of operation along priority areas of interventions to address current dynamics in Iraq:

  • The Non-Violent and Peace-Building Program
  • The Women and Gender Program
  • The Humanitarian Aid Program

The Non-Violent and Peace-Building Program will focus on developing a culture of non-violence, dialogue and tolerance among actors which are often promoting hate, violence and sectarianism. Target groups include civil society organizations, key layers of the society such as youth and women, religious leaders and media. Promotion of diversity and protection of minority rights is considered as key to combat sectarianism. Promotion of inclusive governance is another aspect that will ensure peaceful co-existence and enhance social cohesion in Iraq, in particular in recently liberated areas from ISIS where new social contracts need to be developed.

The Women and Gender Program will focus on maintaining an inclusive response to provide support services to vulnerable women and girls who are at risk or surviving from violence. Running women space centers where psycho-social, educational and capacity building support is provided will contribute to ensure that women and girls

can actively participate to the development of the society. Awareness raising within the community will be key to spread knowledge on the consequence of violence on women and girls while advocacy efforts will be developed to influence the development of policies and laws that provide a positive environment to facilitate the participation of women to decision-making process within the community.

The Humanitarian Aid Program will focus on providing basic needs and services to the internally displaced and refugee populations settled across Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq as well as ensuring the protection of the rights of these populations. Humanitarian efforts will focus on enhancing living conditions of these populations and facilitate their access to income generating activities. Legal services provided to IDPs and Refugees will be a key aspect in ensuring that their rights are safeguarded.


Strategies

Program

Strategies

Tools

The Non-Violence and Peace Building Program

  1. Promoting a culture of non-violence, dialogue and tolerance among key actors and stakeholders
  • Capacity building of civil society organizations, youth, women, religious leaders and media
  • Initiatives facilitating dialogue among stakeholders
  • Production of reports / researches
  1. Promoting diversity and minority rights
  • Capacity building of civil society organizations, youth, women, religious leaders, media and government
  • Awareness raising campaigns including use of media to enhance knowledge and understanding of diversity
  • Production of reports / researches
  • Advocacy campaigns influencing policies and laws protecting diversity
  1. Promoting inclusive governance and fair representation across Iraq and the Kurdistan Region with a particular focus on recently liberated areas from ISIS
  • Capacity building of local stakeholders, community leaders, political representatives
  • Initiatives to facilitate dialogue at community level
  • Advocacy campaigns influencing policies at local and national level

The Women and Gender Program

  1. Providing support services to vulnerable women and girls at risk or surviving from violence
  • Running women space centers providing a range of support services to women and girls
  • Provision of psycho-social support services
  • Organization of social, educational and recreational activities
  • Organization of income generation activities
  1. Raising awareness at community level on forms and consequences of occurrence of violence against women
  • Capacity Building of civil society organizations, men, women and girls
  • Organization of awareness raising campaigns and events
  • Production of newsletters, reports and researches
  1. Influencing policies and laws enhancing protection of vulnerable women and girls
  • Capacity building of civil society organizations, community leaders and governmental stakeholders
  • Organization of advocacy campaigns

The Humanitarian Aid Program

  1. Providing humanitarian support to IDPs and Refugees
  • Distribution of humanitarian aid in the form of basic needs and services
  • Developing income generating opportunities
  1. Ensuring enhanced protection of IDPs and Refugees
  • Provision of legal assistance
  • Advocacy to influence policies promoting protection of rights

 

 

Unable to open the PDF file.